Semantic place labeling with mobile robots

Martinez Mozos, Oscar (2008) Semantic place labeling with mobile robots. PhD thesis, University of Freiburg, Germany.

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Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Item Status:Live Archive


Indoor environments can typically be divided into places with different functionalities like corridors, rooms or doorways. The ability to learn such semantic categories from sensor data enables a mobile robot to extend the representation of
the environment, and to improve its capabilites. As an example, natural language
terms like corridor or room can be used to communicate the position of the robot
in a more intuitive way. Other tasks, like exploration or localization, can also be
carried out by the robot in a better way when semantic information is taken into
In this thesis, we present a method that enables a mobile robot to classify the
different places of indoor environments into semantic classes, and then use this information to extend its representations of the environments. The main idea is to
classify the position of the robot based on the current observations taken by the
robot. In this work, we use as main observations the scans obtained from a laser
range sensor. Each scan is represented by a set of features that encode the geometrical properties of the current position. These features are then used to classify the
scan into the corresponding semantic class. The output of the classification is represented by a probability distribution over the set of possible semantic classes. This
probabilistic representation permits us to apply further probabilistic techniques to
improve the final classification, reducing the number of errors. We also present
an extension which enables the robot to include other types of observations in the
classification, like camera images.
This work additionally introduces several applications of the previous approach
in different robotic tasks. First, we will show how the semantic information can be
used to extract topological maps from indoor environments. In a second application, we present a method that incorporates transitions between different places
when classifying a trajectory taken by a mobile robot. It will also be shown that the
semantic information can reduce the time needed by the robot in exploration and
localization tasks. Finally, we present the semantic classification of places as part
of an integrated robotic system designed for interacting with humans using natural

Keywords:mobile robotics, mapping, place labeling, topological map, classification, mobile robots, autonomous robots
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G700 Artificial Intelligence
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G760 Machine Learning
H Engineering > H671 Robotics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Computer Science
ID Code:9588
Deposited On:20 May 2013 17:09

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