Supervised semantic labeling of places using information extracted from sensor data

Martinez Mozos, Oscar, Triebel, Rudolph, Jensfelt, Patric , Rottmann, Axel and Burgard, Wolfram (2007) Supervised semantic labeling of places using information extracted from sensor data. Robotics and Autonomous Systems (RAS), 55 (5). pp. 391-402. ISSN 0921-8890

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Indoor environments can typically be divided into places with different functionalities like corridors, rooms or doorways. The ability to learn such semantic categories from sensor data enables a mobile robot to extend the representation of the environment facilitating interaction with humans. As an example, natural language terms like “corridor” or “room” can be used to communicate the position of the robot in a map in a more intuitive way. In this work, we first propose an approach based on supervised learning to classify the pose of a mobile robot into semantic classes. Our method uses AdaBoost to boost simple features extracted from sensor range data into a strong classifier. We present two main applications of this approach. Firstly, we show how our approach can be utilized by a moving robot for an online classification of the poses traversed along its path using a hidden Markov model. In this case we additionally use as features objects extracted from images. Secondly, we introduce an approach to learn topological maps from geometric maps by applying our semantic classification procedure in combination with a probabilistic relaxation method. Alternatively, we apply associative Markov networks to classify geometric maps and compare the results with a relaxation approach. Experimental results obtained in simulation and with real robots demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach in various indoor environments.

Keywords:Semantic place classification, Topological maps, Place categorization, Human–robot interaction
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G700 Artificial Intelligence
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G760 Machine Learning
H Engineering > H671 Robotics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Computer Science
ID Code:9568
Deposited On:20 May 2013 21:01

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