The effects of peer influence on adolescent pedestrian road-crossing decisions

Pfeffer, Karen and Hunter, E. (2013) The effects of peer influence on adolescent pedestrian road-crossing decisions. Traffic Injury Prevention, 14 (4). pp. 434-440. ISSN 1538-9588

Full content URL:

Pfeffer Hunter 2013.pdf
Pfeffer Hunter 2013.pdf

Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


Objective: Adolescence is a high-risk period for pedestrian injury. It is also a time of heightened susceptibility to peer influence. The aim of this research was to examine the effects of peer influence on the pedestrian road-crossing decisions of adolescents.
Methods: Using 10 videos of road-crossing sites, 80 16- to 18-year-olds were asked to make pedestrian road-crossing decisions. Participants were assigned to one of 4 experimental conditions: negative peer (influencing unsafe decisions), positive peer (influencing cautious decisions), silent peer (who observed but did not comment), and no peer (the participant completed the task alone). Peers from the adolescent’s own friendship group were recruited to influence either an unsafe or a cautious decision.
Results: Statistically significant differences were found between peer conditions. Participants least often identified safe road-crossing
sites when accompanied by a negative peer and more frequently identified dangerous road-crossing sites when accompanied by a positive peer. Both cautious and unsafe comments from a peer influenced adolescent pedestrians’ decisions.
Conclusions: These findings showed that road-crossing decisions of adolescents were influenced by both unsafe and cautious comments from their peers. The discussion highlighted the role that peers can play in both increasing and reducing adolescent risk-taking.

Keywords:adolescent, peer influence, risk, pedestrian, road safety, pedestrian safety
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C820 Developmental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
ID Code:8823
Deposited On:08 Apr 2013 14:25

Repository Staff Only: item control page