Genetic data provided by 15 autosomal STR loci in the Libyan population living in Benghazi

Elmrghni, Samir, Dixon, R. A., Coulson-Thomas, Yvette and Williams, Ross (2012) Genetic data provided by 15 autosomal STR loci in the Libyan population living in Benghazi. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 6 (3). e93-e94. ISSN 1872-4973

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We undertook research that investigated the genetic diversity of the population of the city of Benghazi. This city is located in the northeast of Libya, on the Gulf of Sidra, a part of the Mediterranean Sea. Libya became independent in 1951 after a brief period as an Italian colony; it was invaded by Italy in 1911. In February 2011, there was an uprising against the Libyan government initiated in the city of Benghazi which led to a revolution that is ongoing. Benghazi is the second largest city in Libya, and the most dominating in the eastern Cyrenaica region, and is the capital of the district of Benghazi. The population of Benghazi was 500, 120 in the 1995 census and increased to 670,797 in the 2006 census. Throughout its history, Benghazi has developed with a certain level of independence from the more Maghreb (west) oriented capital, Tripoli. This has influenced the city and, as such, the cultural atmosphere in Benghazi is more Arab in nature than that in Tripoli. The city of Benghazi was first inhabited by Berbers, followed by Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs and Ottomans. An influx of African, Egyptian, Iraqi, Palestinian, Sudanese and Syrian immigrants has also influenced the city's culture to a certain extent in recent years. This history of different waves of migration (genetic influx) makes Benghazi an interesting city for studies of intrapopulation genetic diversity. The main aim of the this study was to determine the genetic structure of the population of the city of Benghazi using 15 autosomal short tandem repeats (STR) loci and to evaluate the usefulness of these loci for forensic genetic purposes.

Keywords:Forensics, Libya, Benghazi, Y-STR
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C400 Genetics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:7915
Deposited On:08 Mar 2013 10:12

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