The effects of smoking on fracture healing

Sloan, Andrew, Hussain, Issam, Maqsood, Mohmeed , Eremin, Oleg and El-Sheemy, Mohamed (2010) The effects of smoking on fracture healing. The Surgeon, 8 (2). pp. 111-116. ISSN 1479-666X

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Tobacco smoking is the single most avoidable cause of premature death worldwide. In fracture healing, it has been found to be a contributory factor to delayed union, and smokers are significantly disadvantaged, as healing times are often prolonged. The orthopaedic surgeon is likely to be knowledgeable about the detrimental effects of smoking on healing bones, as the problem has been known for some time. Smoking adversely affects bone mineral density, lumbar disc degeneration, the incidences of hip fractures and the dynamics of bone and wound healing. Clinical trials and demographic studies have been more widespread than biochemical analyses, and have reported poor prognosis for fracture patients who smoke. Scientific research has elucidated some of the negative impacts of tobacco use and investigations involving several animal models in cellular and humoral analyses have shown damage caused by various toxicological processes. Cessation of the habit perioperatively, therefore, is routinely advised to improve outcomes for patients. The current review describes some of the consequences of tobacco smoking in fracture healing.

Keywords:Fracture healing, Mesenchymal stem cells, Acute-phase proteins tobacco
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C130 Cell Biology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:7469
Deposited On:08 Feb 2013 10:11

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