National and European? Protesting the Lisbon agenda and the Services directive in the European Union

Parks, Louisa (2009) National and European? Protesting the Lisbon agenda and the Services directive in the European Union. In: The transnationalization of economies, states and civil societies. New challenges for governance in Europe . Springer, pp. 241-261. ISBN 9780387893389 (print), 9780387893396 (online)

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The process of Europeanization, that is the growing importance of the European Union (EU) as a locus of political decision-making, affects its member states in an increasing number of policy areas and constitutes an important challenge for both institutional and non-institutional political actors at both the national and European levels. Social movements, on the other hand, developed in the context of the nation state. Yet with the rise of transnational power centres movements have become more transnational, directing their claims to organisations such as the WTO, the G8 and the EU.

As one of the most developed examples of regional integration, the EU has attracted many kinds of interest groups, including the kinds of organisations we would consider to be part of social movements at the national level (or transnational social movement organisations, organisations that may be considered a subset of non-governmental organisations that are “devoted explicitly to promoting social or political change” (Smith 2005:252)). Accordingly, scholars have sought to theorise and inspect how these organisations work when transplanted into the EU arena. One piece of received wisdom about social movements and the EU is that on entering this arena, SMOs institutionalise and tend to abandon their contentious roots and protest actions for more traditional tactics and in particular lobbying, since these are judged to more effective (Marks and McAdam 1996). Protests concerning EU issues have been found to be ‘domesticated’, that is only or mostly taking place in national contexts (Imig and Tarrow 2001). This chapter will draw on two original case studies of European Union social movement organisation (EUSMO) campaigns on the Lisbon agenda and the Directive on Services in the Internal Market in order to take a fresh look at these ideas.

Keywords:European Union, Social movements, protest, Digitised
Subjects:L Social studies > L241 European Union Politics
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Social & Political Sciences
ID Code:7465
Deposited On:08 Feb 2013 12:24

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