An observational study evaluating the efficacy of microfragmented adipose tissue in the treatment of osteoarthritis

Fan, Frankie, Grant, Robert A., Whitehead, Jonathan P. , Yewlett, Alun and F Lee, Paul Y. (2023) An observational study evaluating the efficacy of microfragmented adipose tissue in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Regenerative Medicine, 18 (2). pp. 113-121. ISSN 1746-0751

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Aim: Osteoarthritis (OA) prevalence is increased in ageing and obese populations. This prospective single-arm cohort study aimed to investigate the efficacy of autologous microfragmented adipose tissue treatment of severe knee or shoulder OA. Materials & methods: Participants received an intra-articular microfragmented adipose tissue injection to the affected joint(s). Multiple patient reported outcome measures (PROMS) were recorded from 0 to 52 weeks for 63 consecutive joints. Results: Compared with baseline, there were significant improvements in all PROMS from 2 to 12 weeks and maintained at 52 weeks. Regression analysis revealed an inverse correlation with BMI and change in PROMS for knee joints. Conclusion: Our observed findings suggest this approach represents a safe, effective treatment for moderate-to-severe knee and shoulder OA, although efficacy may be reduced with increasing obesity.
Swelling and pain in the joints is common and found more often in older and overweight people. Osteoarthritis causes swelling and pain in joints because of a loss of tough, flexible tissue called cartilage. This study looks to see if injection of fat tissue into knee or shoulder joints can improve symptoms. The fat tissue used was called microfragmented adipose tissue (MFAT). This uses a technique to break down the fat tissue before injection. These cells were from the patient's own body. All patients had an injection of MFAT into their painful joints. In total, 59 patients took part. Reports were directly collected from the patient of how well they were doing. This was done before and after the injection at weeks 2, 6, 12, 24 and 52. There were three different types of report collected for knee joints and three for shoulder joints. Scores were then compared from these reports to see if there was a difference. An improvement was found in all three of the combined reports for both knees and shoulders. This stayed until 52 weeks. BMI is a measure of body weight in relation to height. Patients with a higher BMI were found to have had a smaller improvement in their scores. This study shows MFAT injections are safe and effective in treating painful joints.

Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
Divisions:COLLEGE OF HEALTH AND SCIENCE > School of Life and Environmental Sciences > Department of Life Sciences
ID Code:55857
Deposited On:15 Sep 2023 12:55

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