Skid-steer friction calibration protocol for digital twin creation

Trimble, Rachel and Fox, Charles (2023) Skid-steer friction calibration protocol for digital twin creation. In: TAROS, September 12-15 2023, Cambridge, UK.

Skid-steer friction calibration protocol for digital twin creation
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Mobile robots require digital twins to test and learn algorithms while minimising the difficulty, expense and risk of physical trials. Most mobile robots use wheels, which are notoriously difficult to simulate accurately due to friction. Physics engines approximate complex tribology using simplified models which can result in unrealistic behaviors such as inability to turn or sliding sideways down small slopes. Methods exist to characterise friction properties of skid steer vehicles \cite{khaleghian2017technical} but use has been limited because they require expensive measurement equipment or physics models not available in common simulators. We present a new simple protocol to obtain dynamic friction parameters from physical four-wheeled skid-steer robots for use in the Gazebo robot simulator using ODE (Open Dynamics Engine), assuming only that calibrated IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) and odometry, and vehicle and wheel weights and geometry are available.

Keywords:robotics, friction
Subjects:H Engineering > H671 Robotics
Divisions:COLLEGE OF HEALTH AND SCIENCE > School of Computer Science
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ID Code:55400
Deposited On:17 Aug 2023 15:32

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