The effect of seawater based media on copper dissolution from low-grade copper ore

Torres, C. M., Taboada, M. E., Graber, T. A. , Herreros, O. O., Ghorbani, Y. and Watling, H. R. (2015) The effect of seawater based media on copper dissolution from low-grade copper ore. Minerals Engineering, 71 . pp. 139-145. ISSN 0892-6875

Full content URL:

Full text not available from this repository.

Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


Due to the scarcity of water in the north of Chile, there is interest in small-scale mining using seawater to leach the minerals. This situation has led to this research aimed to determine the effect of different process variables on the extraction of copper based on the ore type of these small-scale mining activities. The extraction of copper from finely ground (<150 μm) low-grade mixed ore (0.36 Cu) was studied in different acidic media (H2SO4 and HCl). The effects of water quality (tap water, seawater and synthetic process water) and lixiviants on copper leaching were investigated at three temperatures (25 °C, 35 °C and 45 °C). Synthetic process water was prepared by adding Na+, Cl-, Cu2+ and SO42- to seawater. Copper extractions between 70 and 80 were achieved in 48 h using seawater, similar to the extractions obtained using tap water. Rapid copper dissolution occurred when synthetic process water was used, from 90 to 97. This marked increase was related to the addition of Cu2+, which promoted the formation of CuCl+. Seawater was comparable to freshwater in terms of leaching kinetics and yield potential by raising the chloride concentration and increasing the formation of copper chloride ions. The findings of this study also expanded our understanding of the consequences of substituting seawater for freshwater at industrial leaching operations. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords:Chlorine compounds, Copper, Copper corrosion, Dissolution, Extraction, Leaching, Ore treatment, Ores, Seawater, Seawater effects, Chloro-complex, Copper dissolution, Copper sulfides, Cupric ions, Low-grade copper ores, Small-scale mining, Synthetic process, Copper compounds, Chloride concentrations
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F100 Chemistry
Divisions:College of Science
College of Science > School of Chemistry
Related URLs:
ID Code:54547
Deposited On:07 Jul 2023 09:08

Repository Staff Only: item control page