Iron-catalyzed olefin epoxidation and Cis-dihydroxylation by tetraalkylcyclam complexes: The importance of Cis-labile sites

Feng, Y., England, Jason and Que Jr., L. (2011) Iron-catalyzed olefin epoxidation and Cis-dihydroxylation by tetraalkylcyclam complexes: The importance of Cis-labile sites. ACS Catalysis, 1 (9). pp. 1035-1042. ISSN 2155-5435

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[Fe(Me2EBC)(OTf)2], the iron(II) complex of the tetraazamacrocyclic Me2EBC ligand (Me2EBC = 4,11-dimethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclo [6.6.2]hexadecane), has been investigated as a catalyst for olefin oxidation by H2O2 and compared to the closely related [Fe(TMC)(OTf)](OTf) complex (TMC = 1,4,8,11-tetramethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane). Both complexes have tetraazamacrocyclic ligands based on cyclam that differ in how they coordinate to the iron center. This difference results in different orientations of their remaining coordination sites. Whereas the two sites on [Fe(Me2EBC)(OTf)2] are cis to each other, those of [Fe(TMC)(OTf)](OTf) are trans. Previous work on olefin oxidation by several nonheme iron catalysts has emphasized the importance of having two cis-labile sites to activate the H2O2 oxidant, particularly in effecting olefin cis-dihydroxylation, but there were differences in the ligand donor properties in the complexes studied. The fact that TMC and Me2EBC provide essentially identical tertiary amine donors, but in different orientations, provides an excellent opportunity to assess the impact of ligand topology upon reactivity in the absence of other complicating factors. Indeed [Fe(Me2EBC)(OTf)2] was found to be an active catalyst with reactivity properties similar to those of the most thoroughly investigated iron catalyst [Fe(TPA)(OTf)2] (TPA = tris(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amine). In contrast, [Fe(TMC)(OTf)](OTf) only showed a limited ability for epoxidation and no facility for cis-dihydroxylation. This stark difference irrefutably demonstrates that cis-oriented labile sites are a fundamental requirement for successful nonheme iron catalyzed olefin oxidation. Additionally, mechanistic studies of [Fe(Me2EBC)(OTf)2] lead us to forward a similar FeIII/FeV redox cycle as proposed for [Fe(TPA)(OTf)2].

Keywords:1 ,4 ,8 ,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane, Active catalyst, cis-dihydroxylation, Coordination sites, cyclam, Hexadecane, Iron catalyst, Iron centers, Iron complex, Ligand donors, Mechanistic studies, Nonheme iron, olefin epoxidation, Olefin oxidation, Reactivity properties, REDOX cycles, Tertiary amine, Catalysis, Catalysts, Hydroxylation, Iron, Ligands, Olefins, Organic compounds, Oxidation, Paraffins, Redox reactions, Iron compounds
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F120 Inorganic Chemistry
Divisions:College of Science > School of Chemistry
ID Code:51921
Deposited On:14 Oct 2022 10:28

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