A concise review of carbon nanotube's toxicology

Madani, Seyed Yazdan, Mandel, Abraham and Seifalian, Alexander M (2013) A concise review of carbon nanotube's toxicology. Nano Reviews, 4 . pp. 215-221. ISSN 2002-2727

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.3402/nano.v4i0.21521

A concise review of carbon nanotube's toxicology
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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


Carbon nanotubes can be either single-walled or multi-walled, each of which is known to have a different electron arrangement and as a result have different properties. However, the shared unique properties of both types of carbon nanotubes (CNT) allow for their potential use in various biomedical devices and therapies. Some of the most common properties of these materials include the ability to absorb near-infra-red light and generate heat, the ability to deliver drugs in a cellular environment, their light weight, and chemical stability. These properties have encouraged scientists to further investigate CNTs as a tool for thermal treatment of cancer and drug delivery agents. Various promising data have so far been obtained about the usage of CNTs for cancer treatment; however, toxicity of pure CNTs represents a major challenge for clinical application. Various techniques both in vivo and in in vitro have been conducted by a number of different research groups to establish the factors which have a direct effect on CNT-mediated cytotoxicity. The main analysis techniques include using Alamar blue, MTT, and Trypan blue assays. Successful interpretation of these results is difficult because the CNTs can significantly disrupt the emission of the certain particles, which these assays detect. In contrast, in vivo studies allow for the measurement of toxicity and pathology caused by CNTs on an organismal level. Despite the drawbacks of in vitro studies, they have been invaluable in identifying important toxicity factors, such as size, shape, purity, and functionalisation, the latter of which can attenuate CNT toxicity.

Keywords:carbon nanotubes, toxicology, distribution, administration
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C560 Biotechnology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Pharmacy
ID Code:51775
Deposited On:20 Sep 2022 15:02

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