Robotics and autonomous systems for net-zero agriculture

Pearson, Simon, Camacho-Villa, Tania Carolina, Valluru, Ravi , Gaju, Oorbessy, Rai, Mini, Gould, Iain, Brewer, Steve and Sklar, Elizabeth (2022) Robotics and autonomous systems for net-zero agriculture. Current Robotics Reports, 3 . pp. 57-64. ISSN 2662-4087

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Robotics and autonomous systems for net-zero agriculture
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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


Purpose of ReviewThe paper discusses how robotics and autonomous systems (RAS) are being deployed to decarbonise agricultural production. The climate emergency cannot be ameliorated without dramatic reductions in greenhouse gas emis-sions across the agri-food sector. This review outlines the transformational role for robotics in the agri-food system and considers where research and focus might be prioritised.Recent FindingsAgri-robotic systems provide multiple emerging opportunities that facilitate the transition towards net zero agriculture. Five focus themes were identified where robotics could impact sustainable food production systems to (1) increase nitrogen use efficiency, (2) accelerate plant breeding, (3) deliver regenerative agriculture, (4) electrify robotic vehicles, (5) reduce food waste.SummaryRAS technologies create opportunities to (i) optimise the use of inputs such as fertiliser, seeds, and fuel/energy; (ii) reduce the environmental impact on soil and other natural resources; (iii) improve the efficiency and precision of agri-cultural processes and equipment; (iv) enhance farmers’ decisions to improve crop care and reduce farm waste. Further and scaled research and technology development are needed to exploit these opportunities.

Keywords:Net zero agriculture, Nitrogen-use-efficiency, Robotic plant breeding, Electric farm vehicles, Artificial intelligence for farm waste, Socio-eco-technical approach
Subjects:D Veterinary Sciences, Agriculture and related subjects > D400 Agriculture
D Veterinary Sciences, Agriculture and related subjects > D470 Agricultural Technology
Divisions:College of Science > Lincoln Institute for Agri-Food Technology
ID Code:50887
Deposited On:11 Oct 2022 14:40

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