Applications of robotic and solar energy in precision agriculture and smart farming

Ghalamzan Esfahani, Amir, Das, Gautham, Gould, Iain , Zarafshan, Payam, Rajendran Sugathakumary, Vishnu, Heselden, James, Badiee, Amir, Wright, Isobel and Pearson, Simon (2022) Applications of robotic and solar energy in precision agriculture and smart farming. In: Solar Energy Advancements in Agriculture and Food Production Systems. Elsevier. ISBN 9780323898669, 9780323886253

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Autonomous robots and solar energy for precision agriculture and smart farming
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Population growth, healthy diet requirements, and changes in food demand towards a more plant-based protein diet increase existing pressures for food production and land-use change. The increasing demand and current agriculture approaches jeopardise the health of soil and biodiversity which will affect the future ecosystem and food production. One of the solutions to the increasing pressure on agriculture is PA which offers to minimize the use of resources, including land, water, energy, herbicides, and pesticides, and maximise the yield. The development of PA requires a multidisciplinary approach including engineering, AI, and robotics. Robots will play a crucial role in delivering PA and will pave the way toward sustainable healthy food production.
While PA is the way forward in the agriculture industry the related devices to collect various supporting data and also the agriculture machinery need to be run by clean energy to ensure sustainable growth in the sector. Among renewable energy sources, solar energy and solar PV have shown a great potential to dominate the future of sustainable energy and agriculture developments. For developing PV in rural and off-grid agriculture farms and lands the use of solar-powered devices is unavoidable. Such a transition to photovoltaic agriculture requires significant changes to agricultural practices and the adoption of smart technologies like IoT, robotics, and WSN.
Future food production needs to adapt to changing consumer behaviour along with the rapidly deteriorating environmental factors. PA is also a response to future food production challenges where one of its key aims is to improve sustainability to minimize the use of diminishing resources and minimize GHG emissions by use of renewable energy sources. Along with these adaptations, the new technologies should be using green energy sources (i.e., solar energy) for meeting the power requirements for sustainable developments of these smart technologies. Since there is a rapid inflow of robotic technologies into the agriculture sector, increasing power demand is inevitable, especially in remote areas where PV-based systems can play a game-changing role. It is expected for the agriculture sector to witness a technological revolution toward sustainable food production which cannot be achieved without solar PV development and support.

Keywords:Robotics, Agriculture
Subjects:H Engineering > H671 Robotics
Divisions:College of Science > Lincoln Institute for Agri-Food Technology
ID Code:49943
Deposited On:29 Jun 2022 14:35

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