A Self-Gravitating Exoring Around J1407b and Implications for In-Situ Exomoon Formation

Sutton, Phil, Muff, Jake and Albrey, Brayden (2022) A Self-Gravitating Exoring Around J1407b and Implications for In-Situ Exomoon Formation. Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, 9 . ISSN 2296-987X

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fspas.2022.819933

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A Self-Gravitating Exoring Around J1407b and Implications for In-Situ Exomoon Formation
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Abstract

We perform simulations of the M⊕ self-gravitating exoring thought to orbit the large exoplanet J1407b. We use a mass of M_J1407b=20_M_J (which is close to the revised upper limit) and a semi-major axis of a=5AU, equating to an orbital period of ∼11yrs about the primary. As J1407b is expected to have a high eccentricity, we test eight different models: where e = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8 in both the prograde and retrograde configurations. All prograde models show a strongly perturbed ring within the first orbit. As expected, the retrograde rings demonstrate a higher degree of stability, with the lower eccentricity models (e = 0.2 and 0.4) able to survive multiple orbits. However, even the higher eccentricity (e = 0.6 and 0.8) retrograde models quickly result in the loss of the ring after 200 years. Excitation of eccentricities in all retrograde rings are stable to gravitational collapse. When assuming the most recent mass estimate of M_J1407b=20M_J the ring is unfavourable to the accretion of moons when J1407b is on an elliptical orbit. An interesting consequence of the strong perturbation for one model (retrograde and e = 0.6) during the first close passage is a transient gap located at 0.4AU. This is the same location as the inferred gap from the single transit in 2007 and does not require a nearby exomoon.

Keywords:Exomoon, Exoplanet, Exoring, J1407b, Moon formation, Moon
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F500 Astronomy
F Physical Sciences > F520 Space and Planetary Sciences
F Physical Sciences > F522 Planetary Science
F Physical Sciences > F510 Astrophysics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Mathematics and Physics
ID Code:48546
Deposited On:17 Mar 2022 15:48

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