The first fatal intoxication with 3-MeO-PCP in the UK and a review of the literature

Copeland, Caroline, Hudson, Simon, Treble, Ric and Hamnett, Hilary (2022) The first fatal intoxication with 3-MeO-PCP in the UK and a review of the literature. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 46 (5). pp. 461-470. ISSN 0146-4760

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/bkac015

Documents
The first fatal intoxication with 3-MeO-PCP in the UK and a review of the literature
Authors' Accepted Manuscript

Request a copy
[img] Microsoft Word
MeO-PCP Case Report.docx - Whole Document
Restricted to Repository staff only until 5 March 2023.

254kB
Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

The phencyclidine derivative 3-Methoxyphencyclidine (3-MeO-PCP) is a potent dissociative hallucinogen. Sought for recreational use as a novel psychoactive substance, it can also induce acute psychological agitation and pathophysiological cardiorespiratory effects. Due to the harms associated with its use, 3-MeO-PCP was added to the ‘Green List’ of materials covered by the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances as a Schedule II substance by the United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs in April 2021. There have been 15 previous reports of fatal intoxications following 3-MeO-PCP use, but only one was attributable to 3-MeO-PCP intoxication alone. In this report we detail the first fatality due to 3-MeO-PCP intoxication to be reported in the UK, along with a review of the surrounding literature. Whilst the blood concentrations associated with 3-MeO-PCP toxicity and fatality remain unclear, by providing details of sample collection and storage conditions this case will aid in future interpretations. Furthermore, this case suggests that 3-MeO-PCP toxicity may be exacerbated by exercise. Users of 3-MeO-PCP should be cautioned against its use as a ‘club drug’ or in a similar setting where elevations in heart rate, body temperature and blood pressure may occur.

Keywords:Drug abuse, Forensic science, Forensic toxicology, 3-MeO-PCP, Fatality
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B220 Toxicology
F Physical Sciences > F410 Forensic Science
Divisions:College of Science > School of Chemistry
ID Code:48434
Deposited On:16 Jun 2022 15:54

Repository Staff Only: item control page