The Alleviation of Perceptual Blindness During Driving in Urban Areas Guided by Saccades Recommendation

Xu, Jiawei, Zhang, Xiaoqin, Park, Seop Hyeong and Guo, Kun (2022) The Alleviation of Perceptual Blindness During Driving in Urban Areas Guided by Saccades Recommendation. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems . pp. 1-11. ISSN 1558-0016

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TITS.2022.3149994

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The Alleviation of Perceptual Blindness During Driving in Urban Areas Guided by Saccades Recommendation
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Abstract

In advanced industrial applications, computational visual attention models (CVAMs) could predict visual attention very similarly to actual human attention allocation. This has been used as a very important component of technology in
advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). Given that the biological inspiration of the driving-related CVAMs could be
obtained from skilled drivers in complex driving conditions, in which the driver’s attention is constantly directed at various salient and informative visual stimuli by alternating the eye fixations via saccades to drive safely, this paper proposes a saccade recommendation strategy to enhance the driving safety under urban road environment, particularly when the driver’s vision is often impaired by the visual crowding. The altered and directed saccades are collected and optimized by extracting four innate features from human dynamic vision. A neural network is designed to classify preferable saccades to reduce perceptual blindness due to visual crowding under urban scenes. A state-of-
the-art CVAM is firstly adopted to localize the predicted eye fixation locations (EFLs) in driving video clips. Besides, human subjects’ gaze at the recommended EFLs is measured via an eye-tracker. The time delays between the predicted EFLs and drivers’ EFLs are analyzed under different driving conditions, followed by the time delays between the predicted EFLs and the driver’s hand control. The visually safe margin is then measured by mediating the driving speed and the total delay. Experimental results demonstrate that the recommended saccades can effectively reduce the amount of perceptual blindness, which is known to be of help to further improve road driving safety.

Keywords:Saccades recommendation, visually safe margin, human factors in driving
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:48110
Deposited On:30 Mar 2022 15:05

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