Behavioural and Physiological Correlates of the Canine Frustration Questionnaire

McPeake, Kevin, Collins, Lisa, Zulch, Helen and Mills, Daniel (2021) Behavioural and Physiological Correlates of the Canine Frustration Questionnaire. Animals, 11 (12). p. 3346. ISSN 2076-2615

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11123346

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Behavioural and Physiological Correlates of the Canine Frustration Questionnaire
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Abstract

Frustration is a negative emotional state implicated in a range of canine behaviour problems. The Canine Frustration Questionnaire (CFQ) is the first psychometric tool developed to assess frustration tendencies in dogs based on owner report. However, to date, no published studies have assessed behavioural and physiological correlates of this trait. A novel behaviour test battery was developed to induce frustration in dogs, mapping onto the CFQ. Forty-four dogs were recruited and filmed whilst undertaking the test battery, and a CFQ was completed by each owner. Targeted behavioural measures were assessed from this footage, based on hypotheses aimed at evaluating convergent and discriminant validity with facets of the CFQ. In addition, a saliva sample was collected pre- and post-testing for 39 dogs, and a cortisol assay performed using ELISA to provide a physiological measure of arousal. A range of predicted behavioural test measures (e.g., vocalising and lunging) positively correlated with CFQ scores. For 22 dogs with pre-test salivary cortisol levels of <4 ng/mL (indicative of normal arousal at baseline), cortisol change and post-test cortisol levels positively correlated with the CFQ PC5 ‘Frustration coping’ score. These results provide further evidence of the validity of frustration tendencies as measured by owner report through the CFQ. View Full-Text

Keywords:canine behaviour, frustration, psychometrics, veterinary behaviour, behavioural assessment
Subjects:D Veterinary Sciences, Agriculture and related subjects > D390 Veterinary Sciences not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:47498
Deposited On:11 Jan 2022 12:20

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