Anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018

Kinyoki, Damaris, Osgood-Zimmerman, Aaron E., Bhattacharjee, Natalia V. , Local Burden of Disease Anaemia Collaborators, including, Ahmadi, Keivan, Kassebaum, Nicholas J. and Hay, Simon I. (2021) Anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018. Nature Medicine, 27 . pp. 1761-1782. ISSN 1078-8956

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-021-01498-0

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Anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018
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Abstract

Anemia is a globally widespread condition in women and is associated with reduced economic productivity and increased mortality worldwide. Here we map annual 2000-2018 geospatial estimates of anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age (15-49 years) across 82 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), stratify anemia by severity and aggregate results to policy-relevant administrative and national levels. Additionally, we provide subnational disparity analyses to provide a comprehensive overview of anemia prevalence inequalities within these countries and predict progress toward the World Health Organization's Global Nutrition Target (WHO GNT) to reduce anemia by half by 2030. Our results demonstrate widespread moderate improvements in overall anemia prevalence but identify only three LMICs with a high probability of achieving the WHO GNT by 2030 at a national scale, and no LMIC is expected to achieve the target in all their subnational administrative units. Our maps show where large within-country disparities occur, as well as areas likely to fall short of the WHO GNT, offering precision public health tools so that adequate resource allocation and subsequent interventions can be targeted to the most vulnerable populations.

Keywords:risk factors, Anaemia, Diseases, low- and middle-income countries, women of reproductive age
Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A990 Medicine and Dentistry not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Science > Lincoln Medical School
ID Code:47452
Deposited On:22 Dec 2021 13:10

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