Three dimensional finite element modelling of metatarsal stresses during running

Ellison, M. A, Akrami, M., Fulford, J. , Javadi, A. A and Rice, H. M (2020) Three dimensional finite element modelling of metatarsal stresses during running. Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology, 44 (7). pp. 368-377. ISSN 0309-1902

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/03091902.2020.1799092

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Three dimensional finite element modelling of metatarsal stresses during running
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Abstract

Second metatarsal stress fractures are a problematic injury for runners and are formed when the rate of repair of bone is outpaced by the damage accumulated during loading. Measuring the peak stresses on the bone during running gives an indication of damage accumulation but direct measurement is invasive. Finite element modelling is a viable alternative method of accurately estimating bone stresses but tends to be too computationally expensive for use in applied research. This study presents a novel and simple finite element model which can estimate bone stresses on the second metatarsal during the stance phase of walking and running, accounting for joint reaction forces and soft tissue effects. The influence of the forces and kinematic inputs to the model and the presence of the soft tissues was quantified using a sensitivity analysis. The magnitudes of maximum stress from the model are similar to existing finite element models and bone staple strain gauge values collected during walking and running. The model was found to be most sensitive to the pitch angle of the metatarsal and the joint reaction forces and was less sensitive to the ground reaction forces under the metatarsal head, suggesting that direct measurement of external forces should not be assumed to represent internal stresses.

Keywords:finite element modelling, metatarsals, stress fracture
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B830 Biomechanics, Biomaterials and Prosthetics (non-clinical)
Divisions:Professional services
ID Code:47270
Deposited On:26 Nov 2021 16:00

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