Foreign Technology Transfers in China

Fu, Xiaolan and Hou, Jun (2021) Foreign Technology Transfers in China. In: The Oxford Handbook of China Innovation. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190900533

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Abstract

Innovation can be achieved via various channels, and the effectiveness of each channel depends on the stage of development as well as the local social-economic settings. Based on the concept that innovation is not only limited to invention but also characterized as a learning and adopting process, this chapter discusses the important role of foreign tech­nology sources in China’s innovation path. Different types of foreign knowledge sources are reviewed, including trade, technology licensing, inward and outward foreign direct in­ vestment (FDI), internationalization of research and development (R&D), global value chain, and returnees. The discussion highlights the complementary effect between for­eign knowledge sources and indigenous innovation efforts in fostering technological up­ grading in China. To maximize the benefits from innovation and accelerate catching up, the explicit and well-focused encouragement of indigenous innovation and acquisitions of foreign knowledge must work in parallel.

Keywords:Innovation, foreign technology transfer, technological upgrading, R&D, Licensing, FDI, Developing Countries
Subjects:N Business and Administrative studies > N100 Business studies
N Business and Administrative studies > N200 Management studies
Divisions:Lincoln International Business School
ID Code:47243
Deposited On:12 Nov 2021 08:48

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