ResDUnet: A Deep Learning based Left Ventricle Segmentation Method for Echocardiography

Amer, Alyaa, Ye, Xujiong and Janan, Faraz (2021) ResDUnet: A Deep Learning based Left Ventricle Segmentation Method for Echocardiography. IEEE Access . ISSN 2169-3536

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ResDUnet: A Deep Learning based Left Ventricle Segmentation Method for Echocardiography
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Segmentation of echocardiographic images is an essential step for assessing the cardiac functionality and providing indicative clinical measures, and all further heart analysis relies on the accuracy of this process. However, the fuzzy nature of echocardiographic images degraded by distortion and speckle noise poses some challenges on the manual segmentation task. In this paper, we propose a fully automated left ventricle segmentation method that can overcome those challenges. Our method performs accurate delineation for the ventricle boundaries despite the ill-defined borders and shape variability of the left ventricle. The well-known deep learning segmentation model, known as the U-net, has addressed some of these challenges with outstanding performance. However, it still ignores the contribution of all semantic information through the segmentation process. Here we propose a novel deep learning segmentation method based on U-net, named ResDUnet. It incorporates feature extraction at different scales through the integration of cascaded dilated convolution. To ease the training process, residual blocks are deployed instead of the basic U-net blocks. Each residual block is enriched with a squeeze and excitation unit for channel-wise attention and adaptive feature re-calibration. The performance of the method is evaluated on a dataset of 2000 images acquired from 500 patients with large variability in quality and patient pathology. ResDUnet outperforms state-of-the-art methods with a Dice similarity increase of 8.4% and 1.2% compared to deeplabv3 and U-net, respectively. Furthermore, to demonstrate the impact of each proposed sub-module, several experiments have been carried out with different designs and variations of the integrated sub-modules. We also describe and discuss all technical elements of a deep-learning model via a step-by-step explanation of parameters and methods, while using our left ventricle segmentation as a case study, to explain the application of AI to echocardiographic imaging.

Keywords:Convolutional neural network, Echocardiography, Left ventricle, segmentation
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G400 Computer Science
Divisions:College of Science
ID Code:47219
Deposited On:09 Nov 2021 14:31

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