Predictors of Suicide Attempts in Male UK Gamblers Seeking Residential Treatment

Sharman, Stephen, Murphy, Raegan, Turner, John and Roberts, Amanda (2021) Predictors of Suicide Attempts in Male UK Gamblers Seeking Residential Treatment. Addictive Behaviors . p. 107171. ISSN 0306-4603

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107171

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Predictors of Suicide Attempts in Male UK Gamblers Seeking Residential Treatment
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Abstract

Background: Disordered gambling can have serious negative consequences for the individual and those around them. Previous research has indicated that disordered gamblers are at an increased risk of suicidal thoughts, ideation and attempts. The current study sought to utilise data from a clinical sample to identify factors that are associated with prior suicide attempts.
Methods: The sample included 621 patients entering a gambling-specific residential facility in the UK. A series of Chi-Square analyses and binary logistic regressions were run to identify clinical and sociodemographic variables associated with suicide attempts.
Results: Of the 20 variables analysed using Chi-square statistics, five were significantly associated with the outcome variable (lifetime attempted suicide): loss of family relationships, loss of home, prior depression, prior suicidal thoughts, and medication use. Regression analysis showed that individuals were more likely to have reported suicide attempts if they had experienced loss of family relationships (1.65 times), loss of a home (1.87 times), prior depression (3.2 times), prior suicidal thoughts (6.14 times), or were taking medication (1.95 times) compared to those not reporting such individual events.
Conclusions: Disordered gamblers are vulnerable to suicide; a number of factors have been identified in the current study that predict an increased likelihood of attempted suicide. The factors mainly revolve around loss: not financial loss, but rather disintegration of an individual’s support network and deterioration in the individual’s mental health. Findings indicate that isolation and negative affect associated with gambling are most influential in attempted suicide and should therefore be more strongly considered when creating and providing the legislative, educational and treatment environments for those experiencing gambling related harm.

Keywords:Gambling, Disordered Gambling, Suicide, Behavioural Addiction, Treatment
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C841 Health Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:47152
Deposited On:22 Nov 2021 13:57

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