Geometry of homograft valve leaflets: Effect of dilation of the aorta and the aortic root

Lockie, Katharine J., Butterfield, Maya, Fisher, John , Juster, Neal P., watterson, Kevin and Davies, Gwilym A. (1993) Geometry of homograft valve leaflets: Effect of dilation of the aorta and the aortic root. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 56 (1). pp. 125-130. ISSN 0003-4975

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-4975%2893%2990415-E

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

With the increasing interest in aortic homografts as either a free-sewn valve or whole-root replacement, the effect of internal pressure and dilation of the aorta and aortic root on valve leaflet geometry has been studied. Seven aortic homograft roots were studied, six that had been stored in antibiotics and one that had been cryopreserved. The diameter of the aorta was determined as a function of internal pressure and correlated with the stress-strain characteristics of the aortic wall. Three-dimensional leaflet surface geometry was measured in the “neutral” position, and the leaflet was characterized by its radius of curvature and angle of inclination, using a cylindrical model. The diameter of the aorta increased by between 30% and 50% as the dilation pressure increased from 0 to 120 mm Hg. This was consistent with the stress-strain data obtained from strips of the aortic wall in the circumferential direction. The angle of inclination of the leaflet increased from 20 to 80 degrees and the radius of curvature increased from 4 to 17 mm as the internal pressure increased from 0 to 80 mm Hg. The open leaflet configuration showed a triangular orifice with low bending strains for a dilated root, but increased bending strains with reduced dilation pressure. These are important considerations when implanting a free-sewn homograft into the aortic root.

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ID Code:47077
Deposited On:28 Oct 2021 14:27

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