The “Pull Factor” Problematization in the Emergence of Everyday Bordering in the UK Welfare State

Slaven, Mike (2021) The “Pull Factor” Problematization in the Emergence of Everyday Bordering in the UK Welfare State. Genealogy, 5 (4). p. 93. ISSN 2313-5778

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/genealogy5040093

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The “Pull Factor” Problematization in the Emergence of Everyday Bordering in the UK Welfare State
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Abstract

The “everyday bordering” concept has provided key insights into the effects of diverse bordering practices upon social life, placing the bordering of the welfare state among wider state interventions in an autochthonous politics of belonging. Sociological contributions have also introduced new explanations as to why states pursue such measures, positing that neoliberal states seek legitimacy through increasing activities to (re)affirm borders within this politics of belonging, compensating for a failure to govern the economy in the interests of citizens. To what extent is this visible in the state-led emergence of (everyday) borders around welfare in the United Kingdom, often cited as a key national case? This article draws from 20 elite interviews to contribute to genealogical accounts of the emergence of everyday bordering through identifying the developing “problematizations” connected to this kind of bordering activity, as the British state began to distinctly involve welfare-state actors in bordering policies in the 1990s and early 2000s. This evidence underlines how these policies were tied to a “pull factor” problematization of control failure, where the state needed to reduce various “pull factors” purportedly attracting unwanted migrants in order to control immigration per se, with little evidence that legitimacy issues tied to perceived declining economic governability informed these developments in this period. These findings can inform future genealogical analyses that trace the emergence of everyday bordering.

Keywords:everyday bordering, welfare state, hostile environment, pull factors, internal immigration control
Subjects:L Social studies > L410 UK Social Policy
L Social studies > L200 Politics
L Social studies > L231 Public Administration
L Social studies > L400 Social Policy
L Social studies > L432 Welfare Policy
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Social & Political Sciences
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ID Code:47031
Deposited On:09 Nov 2021 15:16

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