Self-disgust as a potential mechanism underlying the association between body image disturbance and suicidal thoughts and behaviours

Akram, Umair, Allen, Sarah, Stevenson, Jodie , Lazuras, Lambros, Ypsilanti, Antonia, Ackroyd, Millicent, Chester, Jessica, Longden, Jessica, Peters, Chloe and Irvine, Kamila (2022) Self-disgust as a potential mechanism underlying the association between body image disturbance and suicidal thoughts and behaviours. Journal of Affective Disorders, 297 . pp. 634-640. ISSN 0165-0327

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.10.063

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Self-disgust as a potential mechanism underlying the association between body image disturbance and suicidal thoughts and behaviours
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Abstract

This study examined whether self-disgust added incremental variance to and mediated the multivariate association between measures of body image disturbance and suicidal thoughts and behaviours. We hypothesized that self-disgust would be associated with suicidal ideation above the effects of body image disturbance, and that self-disgust would mediate the relationship between body image disturbance and suicidal ideation. A total of N=728 participants completed The Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire, The Self-Disgust Scale, and the Suicidal Behaviours Questionnaire-Revised. Suicidality was significantly related to increased levels of self-disgust and body image disturbance, whereas self-disgust was associated with greater body image disturbance. Linear regression analysis showed that self-disgust was associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviours, over and above the effects of body image disturbance. Multiple mediation modelling further showed that self-disgust mediated the relationship between body image disturbance and suicidal thoughts and behaviours. Our findings highlight the role of self-disgust in the context of body image disturbance and support the notion that body image disturbance is associated with aversive self-conscious emotions. Interventions aiming to reduce the risk of suicidality in people with body image disturbance may address self-disgust and negative self-conscious emotion

Keywords:body image, self-conscious emotions, self-perception, self-disgust, suicide
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:47015
Deposited On:16 Nov 2021 14:34

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