Twelfth-century timbers from Sixhills, Lincolnshire, and a review of medieval stave construction in England

Gardiner, Mark (2021) Twelfth-century timbers from Sixhills, Lincolnshire, and a review of medieval stave construction in England. Vernacular Architecture . ISSN 0305-5477

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/03055477.2021.1978702

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Twelfth-century timbers from Sixhills, Lincolnshire and a review of medieval stave construction in England
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Abstract

A group of twelfth-century timbers was found reused as joists in a mid-sixteenth-century house on the Lincolnshire Wolds. It is suggested that they were first prepared for use in the nearby priory of Sixhills and dendro-provenancing indicates they are likely to have come from trees in Sherwood Forest. The timber is notably straight-grown. The fine condition of the timber allowed conclusions to be drawn about the tools used to hew it. The joists seem to have originated in a stave structure. The wider evidence for this form of building in England is reviewed and evidence for comparable stave buildings, including the church at Greensted, are considered. It is argued that stave construction was rarely used because of the careful preparation required and the quantity of timber needed.

Keywords:stave construction, Medieval buildings, Timber buildings, Lincolnshire, Gilbertine priories
Subjects:V Historical and Philosophical studies > V214 English History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V130 Medieval History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V360 History of Architecture
Divisions:College of Arts > School of History & Heritage > School of History & Heritage (Heritage)
ID Code:46990
Deposited On:16 Nov 2021 12:36

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