Biological essentialism, gender ideologies, and the division of housework and childcare: comparing male carer/female breadwinner and traditional families

Pinho, Mariana and Gaunt, Ruth (2021) Biological essentialism, gender ideologies, and the division of housework and childcare: comparing male carer/female breadwinner and traditional families. Journal of Social Psychology . ISSN 0022-4545

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2021.1983508

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Biological essentialism, gender ideologies, and the division of housework and childcare: comparing male carer/female breadwinner and traditional families
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Abstract

The present study examined the role of individuals’ social psychological characteristics in the division of housework and childcare responsibilities, comparing parents in role-reversed arrangements with parents in a more traditional division of roles. A sample of 353 parents with young children completed extensive questionnaires. As hypothesized, participants in role-reversed arrangements expressed more egalitarian gender ideologies and had a lower tendency to endorse biological essentialist beliefs compared to participants in a traditional division of roles. The findings further showed that parents’ gender ideologies and biological essentialism were interrelated and predicted their involvement in childcare and housework. Finally, maternal gatekeeping mediated the effect of mothers’ gender ideologies and biological essentialism on their involvement in housework and childcare. The findings shed light on the underlying mechanisms by which parents’ ideologies shape the division of family work and can lead to more equality in the home.

Keywords:Gender ideologies, Biological essentialism, Maternal gatekeeping, parental involvement, Caregiving fathers, breadwinning mothers
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:Eleanor Glanville Centre
ID Code:46882
Deposited On:11 Oct 2021 13:10

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