Barriers and facilitators to implementing a cancer risk assessment tool (QCancer) in primary care: a qualitative study

Akanuwe, Joseph, Black, Sharon, Owen, Sara and Siriwardena, Niro (2021) Barriers and facilitators to implementing a cancer risk assessment tool (QCancer) in primary care: a qualitative study. Primary Health Care Research and Development . ISSN 1463-4236

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Barriers and facilitators to implementing a cancer risk assessment tool (QCancer) in primary care: a qualitative study
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Abstract

Aim
We aimed to explore service users’ and primary care practitioners’ perspectives on the barriers and facilitators to implementing a cancer risk assessment tool, QCancer, in general practice consultations.

Background
Cancer risk assessment tools, including QCancer, are designed to estimate the chances of previously undiagnosed cancer in symptomatic individuals. Little is known about the barriers and facilitators to implementing cancer risk assessment tools in primary care consultations.

Methods
We used a qualitative design, conducting semi-structured individual interviews and focus groups with a convenience sample of service users and primary care practitioners.

Findings
In all, 36 participants (19 service users, 17 practitioners) living in Lincolnshire, were included in the interviews and focus groups. Before asking for their views, participants were introduced to QCancer and shown an example of how it estimated cancer risk. Participants identified barriers to implementing the tool namely: additional consultation time; unnecessary worry; potential for over-referral; practitioner scepticism; need for training on use of the tool; need for evidence of effectiveness; and need to integrate the tool in general practice systems. Participants also identified facilitators to implementing the tool as: supporting decision making; modifying health behaviours; improving speed of referral; and personalising care.

Conclusion
The barriers and facilitators identified should be considered when seeking to implement QCancer in primary care. In addition, further evidence is needed that the use of this tool improves diagnosis rates without an unacceptable increase in harm from unnecessary investigation.

Keywords:Primary care, QCancer, Cancer Risk Assessment Tools, Implementing
Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A100 Pre-clinical Medicine
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B990 Subjects Allied to Medicine not elsewhere classified
A Medicine and Dentistry > A900 Others in Medicine and Dentistry
A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
ID Code:46384
Deposited On:13 Sep 2021 13:51

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