It Takes One to Know One: Do Human and Nonhuman Primates Share Similar Face Processing?

Pascalis, Olivier, Damon, Fabrice, Guo, Kun and Méary, David (2021) It Takes One to Know One: Do Human and Nonhuman Primates Share Similar Face Processing? In: Comparative Cognition. Springer, Singapore, pp. 55-66. ISBN UNSPECIFIED

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-2028-7_4

Documents
It Takes One to Know One: Do Human and Nonhuman Primates Share Similar Face Processing?
Proof

Request a copy
[img] PDF
2021-Chapt-Fujita.pdf - Whole Document
Restricted to Repository staff only

310kB
Item Type:Book Section
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

The abilities to identify individuals within the group, and to interpret their expressions and intentions are essential for many social animals. Face recognition in human and nonhuman primates stems from a conjunction of evolutionary inheritance and experience via exposure to faces present in the environment. Individuation is clearly a vital mechanism for any social species. By uncovering similarities across primate face systems, comparative studies allow us to better understand the evolution of face processing capabilities in humans. Some researchers have argued that primates, including humans, may possess an innate face processing system that is predisposed to respond to conspecifics. The argument is supported by a study showing that monkeys raised without experience of other own-species monkeys still prefer to look at faces of conspecifics (Fujita, Int J Primatol 11:553–573, 1990). However, this proposal does not fit well with findings from the human infant literature (Pascalis et al., Science 296:1321–1323, 2002) or with new data on monkeys raised without seeing faces (Sugita, Proc Natl Acad Sci, 105, 394–398, 2008) which suggest that face processing is highly shaped by experience at an early age. We argue that humans and nonhuman primates possess an evolved system for processing faces that becomes specialized as a consequence of predominant exposure to faces from a single species. According to this interpretation, a limitation of the face processing expertise to own species should be observed.

Keywords:Face, nonhuman primates, Humans, Development
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:46352
Deposited On:09 Sep 2021 09:14

Repository Staff Only: item control page