Strain theory, resilience, and far-right extremism: The impact of gender, life experiences and the Internet

Skoczylis, Joshua and Andrews, Sam (2021) Strain theory, resilience, and far-right extremism: The impact of gender, life experiences and the Internet. Critical Studies on Terrorism . ISSN 1753-9161

Documents
Life events, the internet and the far-right
Authors' Accepted Manuscript

Request a copy
[img] PDF
Repository Copy Life events, the internet and the far-right 1.3.pdf - Whole Document
Restricted to Repository staff only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International.

627kB
Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

There has been a notable increase in support for far-right ideologies across the West. The seriousness of this threat has been acknowledged by the UK government who have banned certain far-right groups using terrorism legislation. While criminological theories have been useful in explaining general criminality, it has been under-utilized in explaining extremism and terrorism. Agnew’s General Strain Theory, which hypothesizes that negative life events increase the chance of a turn to criminality, is explored in this article alongside Control Theory. Based on a survey (N 1,138) conducted on Facebook in late 2019, we explore how strain and resilience based on participants gender, economic situations, life events and their use of the internet impacts individuals far-right extremist attitudes and behaviours. We use regression analysis to investigate the impact that strain and resilience, individuals’ gender, economic situations, individual life experiences, and their use of the internet have on their propensity to associate, engage, and support far-right ideologies and linked violence. While strain is not found to be significant, resilience, gender and the use of the internet are.

Keywords:far-right, extremism, life experiences, strain, resilience, gender
Subjects:L Social studies > L435 Security Policy
L Social studies > L200 Politics
L Social studies > L400 Social Policy
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Social & Political Sciences
ID Code:46347
Deposited On:07 Sep 2021 08:52

Repository Staff Only: item control page