Research Trends and Future Perspectives in Marine Biomimicking Robotics

Aguzzi, Jacopo, Costa, Corrado, Calisti, Marcello , Funari, Valerio, Stefanni, Sergio, Danovaro, Roberto, Gomes, Helena, Vecchi, Fabrizio, Dartnell, Lewis, Weiss, Peter, Nowak, Kathrin, Chatzievangelou, Damianos and Marini, Simone (2021) Research Trends and Future Perspectives in Marine Biomimicking Robotics. Sensors, 21 (11). p. 3778. ISSN 1424-8220

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Research Trends and Future Perspectives in Marine Biomimicking Robotics
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Mechatronic and soft robotics are taking inspiration from the animal kingdom to create new high-performance robots. Here, we focused on marine biomimetic research and used innovative bibliographic statistics tools, to highlight established and emerging knowledge domains. A total of 6980 scientific publications retrieved from the Scopus database (1950–2020), evidencing a sharp research increase in 2003–2004. Clustering analysis of countries collaborations showed two major Asian-North America and European clusters. Three significant areas appeared: (i) energy provision, whose advancement mainly relies on microbial fuel cells, (ii) biomaterials for not yet fully operational soft-robotic solutions; and finally (iii), design and control, chiefly oriented to locomotor designs. In this scenario, marine biomimicking robotics still lacks solutions for the long-lasting energy provision, which presently hinders operation autonomy. In the research environment, identifying natural processes by which living organisms obtain energy is thus urgent to sustain energy-demanding tasks while, at the same time, the natural designs must increasingly inform to optimize energy consumption.

Keywords:marine biomimetics, bibliographic statistics, energy provision, biomaterials, locomotor designs, optimal energy consumption
Subjects:H Engineering > H671 Robotics
Divisions:College of Science > Lincoln Institute for Agri-Food Technology
ID Code:46134
Deposited On:24 Aug 2021 13:41

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