Individual psychological determinants of stress resistance in rock climbers

TUKAIEV, SERHI, DOLGOVA, OLENA, VAN DEN TOL, A J M , RUZHENKOVA, ANASTASIIA, LYSENKO, OLENA, FEDORCHUK, SVITLANA, IVASKEVYCH, DARYNA, SHYNKARUK, OKSANA, DENYSOVA, LOLITA, USYCHENKO, VITALY, IAKOVENKO, OLENA, BYSHEVETS, NATALIIA, SERHIYENKO, KOSTYANTYN and VORONOVA, VALENTINA (2020) Individual psychological determinants of stress resistance in rock climbers. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20 (Suppl1). ISSN 2247-8051

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Abstract

Athletes engaged in high-risk sports (skydiving, hang-gliding, paragliding, microlighting, and rock climbing)will
confront significantly higher levels of stress. The purpose of our study is to define the individual psychological
characteristics that determine stress resistance inherent in climbers - sportsmenfacing high risks. 60 climbers
from the Kyiv branch of the Federation of Mountaineering and Climbing and the climbing section of the
National Aviation University (26 women and 34 men, aged 18 to 30 years old, Mage= 24, SD = 1.57) are involved
in this study. The researchers have used the following tests: Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factor
Questionnaire,Eysenck Personality Inventory, Diagnostics of Stress-Resistance Level (‘Forecast’), the
"Personality Differential" technique. High and average levels of stress resistance were detected in 42 rock
climbers (70%) while most adults involved in non-extreme sports had the average levels of stress resistance. It is
shown that climbers perceive a large number of situations as threatening and provoking the anxiety (the selfpreservation instinct). High psychological variability and adaptability to external conditions are associated with
low levels of neuroticism, high stability, and lability. Increasing the self-esteem of athletes boosts stress
resistance. These research results allow us to conclude that the structure of stress resistance of athletes facing
high risks is balanced and defined by one’s systemic volitional capabilities (strength and stability), self-control
behavior (self-esteem) and features of the nervous system which are characterized by susceptibility to external
events (neuroticism).

Keywords:Climbing, Mountaineering, Stress-resistance, individual psychological characteristics
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C841 Health Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C810 Applied Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C890 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:46009
Deposited On:27 Aug 2021 14:29

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