Reaction to Snakes in Wild Moor Macaques (Macaca maura)

Hernández Tienda, Clara, Beltrán Francés, Víctor, Majolo, Bonaventura , Romero, Teresa, Maulany, Risma Illa, Ngakan, Putu Oka and Amici, Federica (2021) Reaction to Snakes in Wild Moor Macaques (Macaca maura). International Journal of Primatology . ISSN 0164-0291

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Reaction to Snakes in Wild Moor Macaques (Macaca maura)
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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


Snake predation is considered an important evolutionary force for primates. Yet, very
few studies have documented encounters between primates and snakes in the wild.
Here, we provide a preliminary account of how wild moor macaques (Macaca maura)
respond to seven species of real and model snakes. Snakes could be local and
dangerous to the macaques (i.e., venomous or constricting), local and nondangerous,
and novel and dangerous. Macaques reacted most strongly to constrictors (i.e., pythons),
exploring them and producing alarm calls, and partially to vipers (both local and
novel), exploring them but producing no alarm calls. However, they did not react to
other dangerous (i.e., king cobra) or nondangerous species. Our results suggest that
moor macaques discriminate local dangerous snakes from nondangerous ones, and may
use specific cues (e.g., triangular head shape) to generalize their previous experience
with vipers to novel species.

Keywords:Snakes, Python, Vipers, Macaca maura, Moor macaques
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C120 Behavioural Biology
D Veterinary Sciences, Agriculture and related subjects > D300 Animal Science
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:45823
Deposited On:27 Jul 2021 11:07

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