The interplay between blood proteins, complement, and macrophages on nanomedicine performance and responses

Moghimi, S Moein, Simberg, Dmitri, Skotland, Tore , Yaghmur, Anan and Hunter, A Christy (2019) The interplay between blood proteins, complement, and macrophages on nanomedicine performance and responses. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 370 (3). pp. 581-592. ISSN 0022-3565

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1124/jpet.119.258012

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

In the blood, depending on their physicochemical characteristics, nanoparticles attract a wide range of plasma biomolecules. The majority of blood biomolecules bind nonspecifically to nanoparticles. On the other hand, biomolecules such as pattern-recognition complement-sensing proteins may recognize some structural determinants of the pristine surface, causing complement activation. Adsorption of nonspecific blood proteins could also recruit natural antibodies and initiate complement activation, and this seems to be a global process with many preclinical and clinical nanomedicines. We discuss these issues, since complement activation has ramifications in nanomedicine stability and pharmacokinetics, as well as in inflammation and disease progression. Some studies have also predicted a role for complement systems in infusion-related reactions, whereas others show a direct role for macrophages and other immune cells independent of complement activation. We comment on these discrepancies and suggest directions for exploring the underlying mechanisms.

Divisions:College of Science > School of Pharmacy
ID Code:45551
Deposited On:29 Jun 2021 15:42

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