Building Structure Mapping on Level Terrains and Sea Surfaces in Vietnam

Ngo, Khanh, Nghiem, Son, Lechner, Alex and Vu, Tuong (2021) Building Structure Mapping on Level Terrains and Sea Surfaces in Vietnam. Remote Sensing, 13 (13). p. 2439. ISSN 2072-4292

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Building Structure Mapping on Level Terrains and Sea Surfaces in Vietnam
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Mapping building structures is crucial for environmental change and impact assessment, and is especially important to accurately estimate fossil fuel CO2 emissions from human settlements. In this regard, the objective of this study is to develop novel and robust methods using time-series data acquired from Sentinel-1 synthetic aperture radar (SAR) to identify and map persistent building structures from coastal plains to high plateaus, as well as on the sea surface. From annual composites of SAR data in the two-dimensional VV-VH polarization space, we determined the VV-VH domain for detecting building structures, whose persistence was defined based on the number of times that a pixel was identified as a building in time-series data. Moreover, the algorithm accounted for misclassified buildings due to water-tree interactions in radar signatures and due to topography effects in complex mountainous landforms. The methods were tested in five cities (Bạc Liêu, Cà Mau, Sóc Trăng, Tân An, and Phan Thiết) in Vietnam located in different socio-environmental regions with a range of urban configurations. Using in-situ data and field observations, we validated the methods and found that the results were accurate, with an average false negative rate of 10.9% and average false positive rate of 6.4% for building detection. The algorithm could also detect small houses in rural settlements and in small islands such as in Hòn Sơn and Hòn Tre. Over sea surfaces, the algorithm effectively identified lines of power poles connecting islands to the mainland, guard shacks in marine blood clam farms in Kiên Giang, individual wind towers in the off-shore wind farm in Bạc Liêu, and oilrigs in the Vũng Tàu oil fields. The new approach was developed to be robust against variations in SAR incidence and azimuth angles. The results demonstrated the potential use of satellite dual-polarization SAR to identify persistent building structures annually across rural–urban landscapes and on sea surfaces with different environmental conditions.

Keywords:building infrastructure mapping, Sentinel-1 SAR time series, Google Earth Engine
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F810 Environmental Geography
F Physical Sciences > F832 Remote Sensing
L Social studies > L700 Human and Social Geography
L Social studies > L712 Human and Social Geography of Asia
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
ID Code:45367
Deposited On:24 Jun 2021 13:38

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