"Basically Feminist": Women Strike for Peace, Maternal Peace Activism, and Memory of the Women's Peace Movement

Coburn, Jon (2021) "Basically Feminist": Women Strike for Peace, Maternal Peace Activism, and Memory of the Women's Peace Movement. Journal of Women's History, 33 (2). pp. 136-162. ISSN 1042-7961

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1353/jowh.2021.0018

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"Basically Feminist": Women Strike for Peace, Maternal Peace Activism, and Memory of the Women's Peace Movement
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Abstract

This article examines the varying historical expressions of activists in Women Strike for Peace (WSP) to assess how changing gender ideology and feminist beliefs influenced the memory of the women's peace movement. A transformation in collective identity occurred among WSPers in the late 1960s, causing the group to engage with the women's movement in a way that had not previously occurred. Exploring how activists understood their past, this article reveals that leaders revised their group's historical narrative to craft a collective memory that gave WSP a history of feminist activism. This is shown most prominently in the reappraisal of Bella Abzug and the histories produced by activist Amy Swerdlow. The article argues that interpretations of the history and memory of the women's peace movement must acknowledge how gender politics change over time. It asserts the significance of this transformation for historicizing feminist beliefs among women's peace activists.

Keywords:Feminism, Peace, Activism, Women Strike for Peace, Identity, Memory, Second Wave, Maternal
Subjects:V Historical and Philosophical studies > V147 Modern History 1950-1999
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V230 American History
L Social studies > L321 Women's Studies
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V232 USA History
L Social studies > L320 Gender studies
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V100 History by period
Divisions:College of Arts > School of History & Heritage > School of History & Heritage (History)
ID Code:45206
Deposited On:29 Jun 2021 13:13

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