Executive or Experience: Investigating the Role Executive Function Plays in Driving

Reynish, Callum (2019) Executive or Experience: Investigating the Role Executive Function Plays in Driving. MRes thesis, University of Lincoln.

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Executive or Experience: Investigating the Role Executive Function Plays in Driving
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Item Type:Thesis (MRes)
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Abstract

Objective – Road traffic collisions (RTCs) are one of the leading causes of serious injury and fatality for adolescents and young adults. Human error is responsible for a large proportion of these RTCs in young drivers. Researchers have identified a number of contributory factors in human errors in RTCs. Executive Function (EF) is an area that is limited in research in relation to driving. This study examined the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function adult version (BRIEF-A) questionnaire, neuropsychological tests of EF as potential predictors of aberrant driving behaviour (i.e. atypical driving) and problematic driving outcomes in a driving simulator.

Methods – 71 Young adult drivers (71 in part 1; 22 in part 2) completed an online self-report questionnaire consisting of the BRIEF-A, STAI-6, AQ-10 and the DBQ, four neuropsychological tests of EF, and three simulated drives that assess 11 problematic driving outcomes within a driving simulator (e.g. running red light, failure to signal and RTCs).

Results – Higher levels of difficulty in executive skills were predictive of more aberrant driving behaviours. Neuropsychological tests did not find a predictive relationship between problematic driving outcomes however some relationships were found between variables. Other contributory factors were shown to predict small amounts of the variance within aberrant driving behaviours and overall EF score was a better predictor of singular components of EF.

Conclusion – In summary findings indicated that the BRIEF-A showed significant association with aberrant behaviour in young adults. Predictive relationships were also found between these measures unlike, neuropsychological tests of EF and problematic driving outcomes in the driving simulator however a smaller sample size was used for the driving simulator section of the study. Future researchers should consider the self-reported examination of EF on individuals who have been charged with motoring offences also, high and low executive skills should be assessed against the reaction of drivers in hazardous driving scenarios. Driving safety officials should consider the affect EF has on driver training and rehabilitation.

Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:44803
Deposited On:05 May 2021 12:02

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