Music-based Intervention for Improving Sleep Quality of Adults without Sleep Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Tang, Yee Woon, Teoh, Siew Li, Yeo, Julia Hsiao Hui , Ngim, Chin Fang, Lai, Nai Ming, Durrant, Simon James and Lee, Shaun Wen Huey (2021) Music-based Intervention for Improving Sleep Quality of Adults without Sleep Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Behavioral Sleep Medicine . ISSN 1540-2002

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2021.1915787

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Music-based Intervention for Improving Sleep Quality of Adults without Sleep Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
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Music-based Intervention for Improving Sleep Quality of Adults without Sleep Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Q2 Background: Listening to music is often used as a self-help intervention to improve sleep quality, but its efficacy among individuals without sleep disorder remains unclear.
Methods: A search was performed on five databases to identify for studies 15 that examined the use of music-based intervention to improve sleep quality among individuals without sleep disorder. Random-effects meta-analysis was
performed, and the certainty of evidence was evaluated using GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation).
Results: Twenty-two articles which recruited 1,514 participants were included for review. Meta-analysis of six studies including 424 participants did not find an improvement in sleep quality among recipients of musicbased
intervention compared to those with standard care (mean difference: −0.80; 95% CI: −2.15 to 0.54, low-quality evidence). Subgroup analysis showed a clear improvement in sleep quality when interventions were administered for at least 3 weeks (−2.09; −3.84 to −0.34, n = 3). No difference in terms of sleep onset latency (standardized mean difference (SMD) −0.32; 95% CI −0.88 to 0.25, n = 4, very-low quality evidence) and sleep efficiency (SMD: −0.59; 95% CI −3.15 to 1.97, n = 2, very-low quality evidence) were observed. The effect of music-based intervention on anxiety, depression and quality of life were mixed with suggestions of possible benefits.
Conclusion: Music-based intervention in addition to standard care appears to be a promising strategy to improve sleep quality when delivered for 3 week or longer. However, effects are inconsistent across studies and larger randomized controlled studies reporting long-term outcomes are needed before it can be recommended for routine use.

Keywords:sleep, music, insomnia, meta-analysis
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C841 Health Psychology
W Creative Arts and Design > W390 Music not elsewhere classified
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:44629
Deposited On:14 May 2021 11:39

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