Collagen I Modifies Connexin‐43 Hemichannel Activity via Integrin α2β1 Binding in TGFβ1‐Evoked Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells

Potter, Joe, Price, Gareth, Cliff, Chelsy L , Green, Colin R, Squires, Paul and Hills, Claire (2021) Collagen I Modifies Connexin‐43 Hemichannel Activity via Integrin α2β1 Binding in TGFβ1‐Evoked Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (7). p. 3644. ISSN 1422-0067

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Collagen I Modifies Connexin-43 Hemichannel Activity via Integrin α2β1 Binding in TGFβ1-Evoked Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells
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Item Type:Article
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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is associated with sustained inflammation and progressive fibrosis, changes that have been linked to altered connexin hemichannel‐mediated release of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Kidney fibrosis develops in response to increased deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM), and up‐regulation of collagen I is an early marker of renal disease. With ECM remodeling known to promote a loss of epithelial stability, in the current study we used a clonal human kidney (HK2) model of proximal tubular epithelial cells to determine if collagen I modulates changes in cell function, via connexin‐43 (Cx43) hemichannel ATP release. HK2 cells were cultured on collagen I and treated with the beta 1 isoform of the pro‐fibrotic cytokine transforming growth factor (TGFβ1) ± the Cx43 mimetic Peptide 5 and/or an anti‐integrin α2β1 neutralizing antibody. Phase microscopy and immunocytochemistry observed changes in cell morphology and cytoskeletal reorganization, whilst immunoblotting and ELISA identified changes in protein expression and secretion. Carboxyfluorescein dye uptake and biosensing measured hemichannel activity and ATP release. A Cytoselect extracellular matrix adhesion assay assessed changes in cell‐substrate interactions. Collagen I and TGFβ1 synergistically evoked increased hemichannel activity and ATP release. This was paralleled by changes to markers of tubular injury, partly mediated by integrin α2β1/integrin‐like kinase signaling. The co‐incubation of the hemichannel blocker Peptide 5, reduced collagen I/TGFβ1 induced alterations and inhibited a positive feedforward loop between Cx43/ATP release/collagen I. This study highlights a role for collagen I in regulating connexin‐mediated hemichannel activity through integrin α2β1 signaling, ahead of establishing Peptide 5 as a potential intervention.

Keywords:collagen, extracellular matrix, connexin, hemichannel, ATP, Chronic kidney disease, Inflammation, Renal fibrosis, TGF-beta1
Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A100 Pre-clinical Medicine
C Biological Sciences > C130 Cell Biology
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B120 Physiology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:44482
Deposited On:12 Apr 2021 11:15

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