Efficacy of unsupervised exercise in adults with obstructive lung disease - a systematic review and meta-analysis

Taylor, Danny, Jenkins, Alex R., Parrot, Kate , Benham, Alex, Targett, Samantha and Jones, Arwl W (2021) Efficacy of unsupervised exercise in adults with obstructive lung disease - a systematic review and meta-analysis. Thorax . ISSN 0040-6376

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2020-216007

Efficacy of unsupervised exercise in adults with obstructive lung disease - a systematic review and meta-analysis
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Unsupervised Exercise SR_Reviewercomments.2_clean.pdf - Whole Document

Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


Introduction: The benefits of unsupervised exercise programmes in obstructive lung disease are unclear. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesise evidence regarding the efficacy of unsupervised exercise versus non- exercise- based usual care in patients with obstructive lung disease. Methods: Electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Physiotherapy Evidence Database) and trial registers ( ClinicalTrials. gov, Current Controlled Trials, UK Clinical Trials Gateway and WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform) were searched from inception to April 2020 for randomised trials comparing unsupervised exercise programmes with non- exercise- based usual care in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), non- cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis or asthma. Primary outcomes were exercise capacity, quality of life, mortality, exacerbations and respiratory cause hospitalisations. Results: Sixteen trials (13 COPD, 2 asthma, 1 chronic bronchitis: 1184 patients) met the inclusion criteria. Only data on COPD populations were available for meta- analysis. Unsupervised exercise resulted in a statistically but not clinically significant improvement in the 6- Minute Walk Test (n=5, MD=22.0 m, 95% CI 4.4 to 39.6 m, p=0.01). However, unsupervised exercise did lead to statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements in St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (n=4, MD=−11.8 points, 95% CI −21.2 to −2.3 points, p=0.01) and Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire domains (dyspnoea: n=4, MD=0.5 points, 95% CI 0.1 to 0.8 points, p<0.01; fatigue: n=4, MD=0.7 points, 95% CI 0.4 to 1.0 points, p<0.01; emotion: n=4, MD=0.5 points, 95% CI 0.2 to 0.7 points, p<0.01; mastery: unable to perform meta- analysis) compared with non- exercise- based usual care. Discussion: This review demonstrates clinical benefits of unsupervised exercise interventions on health- related quality of life in patients with COPD. High- quality randomised trials are needed to examine the effectiveness of prescription methods.

Keywords:Exercise, chronic obstructive lung disease, Systematic Review, lung disease, unsupervised, Meta Analysis
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B160 Physiotherapy
C Biological Sciences > C600 Sports Science
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B120 Physiology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
ID Code:44330
Deposited On:07 May 2021 12:47

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