How does gender non-conformity intolerance impact homonegativity? An exploration of attitudes and behaviours towards lesbians.

Dale, Natasha Nicole (2019) How does gender non-conformity intolerance impact homonegativity? An exploration of attitudes and behaviours towards lesbians. MRes thesis, University of Lincoln.

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How does gender non-conformity intolerance impact homonegativity? An exploration of attitudes and behaviours towards lesbians.
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Abstract

The current research explores the importance of including gender non-conformity prejudice within research on negative attitudes and behaviours towards lesbians. The connectivity between lesbian homosexuality and masculine presentation are considered, as previous research has consistently shown that sexuality incongruity to the prescribed norm, prescribed incongruent gender presentation (Greene, 2007). The theory of heteronormativity, which conceptualises prescribed societal sexuality and genders norms (Habarth, 2015), themes this body of work. Across two studies, the impact of gender role beliefs and gender presentation on homonegativity was explored, to demonstrate the complexity of variable relationships effecting homonegative attitudes and behaviour. In the first study, experimental design used four vignettes (masculine presenting homosexual, feminine presenting homosexual and vice versa heterosexual women) to identify gender presentation and sexuality main effects and interactions. Using an online opportunity sample (n = 282). Results showed that vignettes with masculine appearance scored higher for passive harm and homosexual vignettes were scored higher for active harm. The second study explored attitudinal and behaviour variable relationships again using an opportunity sample (n = 385). Results showed that the heteronormativity scale (assumptions that gender binary and heterosexuality are normative) reduced positive behaviour towards homosexuals, through social distancing. Results also showed that the effect gender non-conformity prejudice has on discriminatory behaviour, is fully mediated by sexuality prejudice. Together, both studies show the complex relationships between gender non-conformity and sexuality prejudice. Conclusions drawn encourage further investigation of intersectional identities and promotes effective directions for future work in regards to reducing discriminatory behaviour and studying homonegative attitudes.

Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:44223
Deposited On:04 Mar 2021 17:20

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