Compassion‐focused therapies for self‐esteem: A systematic review and meta‐analysis

Thomason, Sarah and Moghaddam, Nima (2020) Compassion‐focused therapies for self‐esteem: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice . ISSN 2044-8341

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12319

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Compassion‐focused therapies for self‐esteem: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
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Abstract

Purpose
To identify whether compassion‐focused therapy (CFT) or compassion‐based interventions are effective in improving self‐esteem.

Methods
Databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO) were searched, along with OpenGrey literature. Experts were also contacted and handsearching of reference lists and citing articles undertaken. To be eligible, papers had to include an intervention identified as being compassion‐based and mention ‘self‐esteem’ as a variable or outcome. Papers were quality appraised using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Data were analysed using a random‐effects meta‐analysis model, with sensitivity analysis conducted in relation to the quality of studies.

Results
Ten eligible papers were identified. Within‐group analysis of data from eight studies demonstrated a medium, significant overall effect size (g = 0.56, 95% CI [0.19–0.93], z = 3.54, p < .001), which increased slightly and remained significant (g = 0.61, 95% CI [0.05–1.17], z = 2.82, p = .005) when the lowest quality studies were removed.

Conclusions
Compassion‐focused therapy or compassion‐based interventions may be effective in improving self‐esteem. However, there is large clinical and methodological heterogeneity amongst studies making further conclusions difficult.

Keywords:compassion-focused, meta-analysis, Systematic review, compassion, self-esteem, compassion focused therapy
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:43701
Deposited On:21 Jan 2021 10:46

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