Brief communication: CMIP6 does not suggest any atmospheric blocking increase in summer over Greenland by 2100

Delhasse, A, Hanna, E, Kittel, C and Fettweis, X (2021) Brief communication: CMIP6 does not suggest any atmospheric blocking increase in summer over Greenland by 2100. International Journal of Climatology, 41 (4). pp. 2589-2596. ISSN 0899-8418

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.6977

Documents
Brief communication: CMIP6 does not suggest any atmospheric blocking increase in summer over Greenland by 2100
Authors' Accepted Manuscript

Request a copy
[img] PDF
delhasse2020joc.6977.pdf - Whole Document
Restricted to Repository staff only until 21 December 2021.

2MB
Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

The Greenland blocking index (GBI), an indicator of the synoptic‐scale circulation over Greenland, has been anomalously positive during most summers since the late 1990s. Such changes in atmospheric circulation, favouring anticyclonic conditions, have led to an increase in Greenland summer temperatures, a decrease in cloud cover and larger surface melt. The GBI is therefore a key indicator of melting and surface mass balance variability over the Greenland ice sheet. However, the models of fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) do not represent the increase in GBI that is suggested by recent observations, and do not project any significant increase in GBI until 2100. In this study the new generation of CMIP6 Earth‐system models is evaluated in order to analyze the evolution of the future GBI. All CMIP5 and CMIP6 projections reveal the same trend towards a decrease of the GBI until 2100 and no model reproduces the strong increase in the persistence of summer blocking events observed over the last few decades. Significant melting events related to a highly positive GBI, as observed in summer 2019, are still not considered by CMIP6 models and therefore the projected surface melt increase of the ice sheet could be underestimated if such summer circulation changes persist in the next decades.

Keywords:blocking, climate, Greenland
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F860 Climatology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
ID Code:43613
Deposited On:08 Jan 2021 16:26

Repository Staff Only: item control page