Small and large bumblebees invest differently when learning about flowers

Frasnelli, Elisa, Robert, Théo, Chow, Pizza Ka Yee , Scales, Ben, Gibson, Sam, Manning, Nicola, Philippides, Andrew O., Collett, Thomas S. and Hempel de Ibarra, Natalie (2021) Small and large bumblebees invest differently when learning about flowers. Current Biology, 31 (5). pp. 1058-1064. ISSN 0960-9822

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Small and large bumblebees invest differently when learning about flowers
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Honeybees [1] and bumblebees [2] perform learning flights on leaving a newly discovered flower. During these flights, bees spend a portion of the time turning back to face the flower when they can memorise views of the flower and its surroundings. In honeybees, learning flights become longer, when the reward offered by a flower is increased [3]. We show here that bumblebees behave in a similar way and we add that bumblebees face an artificial flower more when the concentration of the sucrose solution that the flower provides is higher. The surprising finding is that a bee’s size determines what a bumblebee regards as a 'low' or a 'high' concentration and so affects its learning behaviour. The larger bees in a sample of foragers only enhance their flower facing when the sucrose concentration is in the upper range of the flowers that are naturally available to bees [4]. In contrast, smaller bees invest the same effort in facing flowers, whether the concentration is high or low, but their effort is less than that of larger bees. The way in which different sized bees distribute their effort when learning about flowers parallels the foraging behaviour of a colony. Large bumblebees [5, 6] are able to carry larger loads and explore further from the nest than smaller ones [7].
Small ones with a smaller flight range and carrying capacity cannot afford to be as selective and so accept a wider range of flowers.

Keywords:bee, insect, visual navigation, exploration, foraging range, nectar, reward, memory
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C120 Behavioural Biology
C Biological Sciences > C300 Zoology
C Biological Sciences > C100 Biology
C Biological Sciences > C340 Entomology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:43453
Deposited On:08 Jan 2021 10:15

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