Face Familiarity and Image-Specific Memory

Kramer, Robin. S. S., Berry, Chloe. J., Jones, Alex. L. and Gous, Georgina (2020) Face Familiarity and Image-Specific Memory. Perception . pp. 1-10. ISSN 0301-0066

Full content URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/030100662...

Kramer, Berry, Jones, & Gous 2020_Face Familiarity and Image Specific Memory.pdf
Kramer, Berry, Jones, & Gous 2020_Face Familiarity and Image Specific Memory.pdf

Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


Face familiarity produces advantages for both memory and matching. By developing an internal representation through repeated experience, viewers extract identity-specific information that aids subsequent recognition. However, researchers have recently argued that this process may also result in a familiarity disadvantage, whereby specific instances of the face are more difficult to remember, perhaps due to this process of prioritising identity- over image-specific information. Although previous experiments found no evidence of this disadvantage in working memory, initial research has demonstrated an effect in longer term storage. Here, we attempted to replicate this finding by focusing on the ability to learn images of a single (un)familiar identity. Our results failed to demonstrate a familiarity disadvantage while replicating the finding that familiarity influences response bias. As researchers continue to investigate how familiarity alters both internal representations and associated processes, it is important to establish which processes may or may not be affected.

Keywords:face familiarity, face recognition, image memory, sensitivity, response bias
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C810 Applied Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:41709
Deposited On:21 Oct 2020 13:55

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