Influence of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) on Polyurethane (PU) Foam Fire-Retardancy

Mohammed, Adham, Elnokaly, Amira, M. Aly, Abdel Monteleb and H. Mahmoud, Mohamed (2022) Influence of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) on Polyurethane (PU) Foam Fire-Retardancy. Journal of Advanced Engineering Trends, 41 (1). pp. 125-133. ISSN 2682-2091

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Influence of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) on Polyurethane (PU) Foam Fire-Retardancy
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JAET_Volume 41_Issue 1_Pages 125-133.pdf - Whole Document

Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


Polyurethane (PU) foam is a material that has long been regarded as a good thermal insulator for building purposes due to many advantageous attributes, such as cost and feasibility. Yet, to further develop its performance, many studies have focused on the potential of using the micro-structure of PU foam as an encapsulation for PCMs. Despite the apparent advantageous outcome of this premise, from the perspective of thermal performance, fire-retardancy issues may pose as a threat. PU foam is known for its inherent poor fire-retardation properties. With the addition of PCMs, especially wax-based, it is possible that the fire-retardancy would worsen. This would translate into additional costs in terms of application of treatments to counter the disadvantageous hazardous properties. In this study, an empirical investigation is carried out with the aim of determining whether addition PCMs to PU foam would influence its retardation, and to which extent. In this context, granules of wax-based PCMs are encapsulated in to closed-cell rigid PU foam via a simplified amalgamation method. Two concentrations of PCM content are presented in this paper. Then, fire-retardancy testing is performed on specimens to compare the performance of the created PU/PCM specimens with this of regular PU specimens. The outcome of this empirical investigation further confirms that addition of PCM to PU foam is disadvantageous in terms of fire-retardancy, and that the amount of added PCM is of considerable influence on this.

Keywords:Polyurethane foam; Phase change materials; PCM encapsulation; simple amalgamation; Fire-retardancy; Pace of ignition
Subjects:J Technologies > J910 Energy Technologies
J Technologies > J511 Engineering Materials
J Technologies > J510 Materials Technology
K Architecture, Building and Planning > K130 Architectural Technology
Divisions:College of Arts > Lincoln School of Architecture and the Built Environment
ID Code:41476
Deposited On:20 Jul 2020 09:04

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