Academic Institutions and One Health

Allen-Scott, Lisa K., Buntain, Bonnie, Hatfield, Jennifer M. , Meisser, Andrea and Thomas, Christopher James (2015) Academic Institutions and One Health. Academic Medicine, 90 (7). pp. 866-871. ISSN 1040-2446

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Academic Institutions and One Health
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To improve health at the human, animal, and ecosystem interface, defined as One Health, training of researchers must transcend individual disciplines to develop a new process of collaboration. The transdisciplinary research approach integrates frameworks and methodologies beyond academic disciplines and includes involvement of and input from policy makers and members of the community. The authors argue that there should be a significant shift in academic institutions’ research capacity to achieve the added value of a transdisciplinary approach for addressing One Health problems. This Perspective is a call to action for academic institutions to provide the foundations for this salient shift. The authors begin by describing the transdisciplinary approach, propose methods for building transdisciplinary research capacity, and highlight three value propositions that support the case. Examples are provided to illustrate how the transdisciplinary approach to research adds value through improved sustainability of impact, increased cost-effectiveness, and enhanced abilities to mitigate potentially harmful unintended consequences. The authors conclude with three key recommendations for academic institutions: (1) a focus on creating enabling environments for One Health and transdisciplinary research, (2) the development of novel funding structures for transdisciplinary research, and (3) training of “transmitters” using real-world-oriented educational programs that break down research silos through collaboration across disciplines.

Keywords:human health, animal health, ecosystem health, Transdisciplinary Approach
Divisions:College of Science
ID Code:41254
Deposited On:24 Jun 2020 10:52

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