‘Sub-Prime’ Water, Low-Security Entitlements and Policy Challenges in Over-Allocated River Basins: the Case of the Murray–Darling Basin

Moore, Harriet E, Rutherfurd, Ian D, Peel, Murray and Horne, Avil (2020) ‘Sub-Prime’ Water, Low-Security Entitlements and Policy Challenges in Over-Allocated River Basins: the Case of the Murray–Darling Basin. Environmental Management . ISSN 0364-152X

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-020-01303-7

‘Sub-Prime’ Water, Low-Security Entitlements and Policy Challenges
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Environmental policy is often implemented using market instruments. In some cases, including carbon taxing, the links
between financial products and the environmental objectives, are transparent. In other cases, including water markets, the
links are less transparent. In Australia’s Murray–Darling Basin (MDB), financial water products are known as ‘entitlements’,
and are similar to traditional financial products, such as shares. The Australian water market includes ‘Low Security’
entitlements, which are similar to ‘sub-prime’ mortgage bonds because they are unlikely to yield an amount equal to their
financial worth. Nearly half the water purchased under the Murray–Darling Basin Plan for environmental purposes is ‘Low
Security’. We suggest that the current portfolio of water held by the Australian Government for environmental purposes
reflects the mortgage market in the lead-up to the global financial crisis. Banks assumed that the future value of the mortgage
market would reflect past trends. Similarly, it is assumed that the future value of water products will reflect past trends,
without considering climate change. Historic records of allocations to ‘Low Security’ entitlements in the MDB suggest that,
in the context of climate change, the Basin Plan water portfolio may fall short of the target annual average yield of 2075 GL
by 511 GL. We recommend adopting finance sector methods including ‘hedging’ ‘Low Security’ entitlements by purchasing
an additional 322–2755 GL of ‘Low Security’, or 160–511 GL of ‘High Security’ entitlements. Securing reliable
environmental water is a global problem. Finance economics present opportunities for increasing the reliability of
environmental flows.

Keywords:Water policy, Murray-Darling Basin, Water entitlement security, Environmental water, Water market
Subjects:L Social studies > L721 Economic Geography
D Veterinary Sciences, Agriculture and related subjects > D443 Water Resource Management
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
ID Code:40911
Deposited On:22 May 2020 14:09

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