Self-employment, work-family time and the gender division of labour

Craig, L., Powell, A. and Cortis, N. (2012) Self-employment, work-family time and the gender division of labour. Work, Employment and Society, 26 (5). pp. 716-734. ISSN 0950-0170

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Does being self-employed, as opposed to being an employee, make a difference to how parents with young children can balance work and family demands? Does self-employment facilitate more equal gender divisions of labour? This article uses the Australian Time Use Survey to identify associations between self-employment and mothers' and fathers' time in paid work, domestic labour and childcare and when during the day they perform these activities. The time self-employed mothers devote to each activity differs substantially from that of employee mothers, while fathers' time is relatively constant across employment types. Working from home is highly correlated with self-employment for mothers, implying the opportunity to be home-based is a pull factor in mothers becoming self-employed. Results suggest mothers use self-employment to combine earning and childcare whereas fathers prioritize paid work regardless of employment type. Self-employment is not associated with gender redistribution of paid and unpaid work, although it facilitates some rescheduling. © The Author(s) 2012.

Additional Information:cited By 46
Divisions:College of Social Science
ID Code:39981
Deposited On:27 Jan 2020 15:18

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