Evaluation of geospatial methods to generate subnational HIV prevalence estimates for local level planning

Hallett, T.B., Anderson, S.-J., Asante, C.A. , Bartlett, N., Bendaud, V., Bhatt, S., Burgert, C.R., Cuadros, D.F., Dzangare, J., Fecht, D., Gething, P.W., Ghys, P.D., Guwani, J.M., Heard, N.J., Kalipeni, E., Kandala, N.-B., Kim, A.A., Kwao, I.D., Larmarange, J., Manda, S.O.M., Moise, I.K., Montana, L.S., Mwai, D.N., Mwalili, S., Shortridge, A., Tanser, F., Wanyeki, I. and Zulu, L. (2016) Evaluation of geospatial methods to generate subnational HIV prevalence estimates for local level planning. AIDS, 30 (9). pp. 1467-1474. ISSN 0269-9370

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000001075

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


Objective: There is evidence of substantial subnational variation in the HIV epidemic.
However, robust spatial HIV data are often only available at high levels of geographic
aggregation and not at the finer resolution needed for decision making. Therefore,
spatial analysis methods that leverage available data to provide local estimates of HIV
prevalence may be useful. Such methods exist but have not been formally compared
when applied to HIV.
Design/methods: Six candidate methods – including those used by the Joint United
Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS to generate maps and a Bayesian geostatistical
approach applied to other diseases – were used to generate maps and subnational
estimates of HIV prevalence across three countries using cluster level data from
household surveys. Two approaches were used to assess the accuracy of predictions:
internal validation, whereby a proportion of input data is held back (test dataset) to
challenge predictions; and comparison with location-specific data from household
surveys in earlier years.
Results: Each of the methods can generate usefully accurate predictions of prevalence
at unsampled locations, with the magnitude of the error in predictions similar across
approaches. However, the Bayesian geostatistical approach consistently gave marginally the strongest statistical performance across countries and validation procedures.
Conclusions: Available methods may be able to furnish estimates of HIV prevalence at
finer spatial scales than the data currently allow. The subnational variation revealed can
be integrated into planning to ensure responsiveness to the spatial features of the
epidemic. The Bayesian geostatistical approach is a promising strategy for integrating
HIV data to generate robust local estimates.

Additional Information:cited By 21
Divisions:College of Social Science > Lincoln Institute of Health
ID Code:37595
Deposited On:09 Oct 2019 15:45

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